"Mi" (without accent mark) X "Mí" (with accent mark) X "Mío (a)" in Spanish
Mi (without accent mark)
- It is a possessive adjective.
- Can be used with both genders (masculine and feminine).
- In English it is equivalent to "my".
Esta será mi casa cuando me case.
(This will be my house when I get married.)
Mi perro vino corriendo junto conmigo.
(My dog came running with me.)
Mí (with accent mark)
- Object pronoun (first-person singular).
- In English it is equivalent to: "me, myself".
- Despite being monosyllabic must be marked to distinguish it from the possessive adjective "mi".
Esa carta que llegó es para mí.
(That letter arrived for me.)
Por mí, él puede venir con nosotros.
(For me, he can come with us.)
- It can also be used as an possessive pronoun.
- In English it is equivalent to the possessive pronoun "mine"
Estas llaves son las mías.
(These keys are mine.)
- It can also be used as an possessive adjective.
- In English it is equivalent to the adjective pronoun "mine"
Ricardo es amigo mío desde hace unos veinte años.
(Ricardo is a friend of mine about twenty years.)
After some nouns it can also express affection ("my dear").
Eso no es cierto, hijo mío.
(That is not true, my dear son.)
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